GENERICO.ruMedicinePopular myths about COVID-19 vaccination debunked

Popular myths about COVID-19 vaccination debunked

There are many ridiculous myths surrounding vaccination.

The eight most popular myths about coronavirus vaccination are debunked by Katerina Soyak, an epidemiologist, executive director of the National Expert Group on Infection Control, reports with reference to.

The level of vaccination against COVID-19 in Ukraine remains low: the country with 15.3% of the vaccinated population ranks last in Europe . Despite the information campaigns that the Ministry of Health is trying to conduct, Ukrainians are often very poorly acquainted with the topic of coronavirus. This is evidenced by the recent story of a resident of Zaporozhye, who flew on vacation to Egypt with a positive PCR test on her hands. She was allowed on board at the Ukrainian airport and deployed only in Egypt.

Along with this, in Ukraine, there are a lot of false rumors about covid and vaccination, which turn people away from vaccinations. We have analyzed the most popular myths, most of which turned out to be outright lies.

Myth 1. Vaccines can lead to infertility

This is not true, vaccination against COVID-19 does not lead to infertility in either women or men. It turned out that this issue is relevant not only in Ukraine, but also in the United States, and so much so that in 2021 the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the American Society for Reproductive Medicine and the Society of Maternal and Fetal Medicine issued a joint statement on this topic.

“Neither clinical studies nor statistics on millions of vaccinated people confirm that vaccination interferes with conception in men and women,” the statement said. At the same time, according to the monitoring of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 4.8 thousand women became pregnant after the first dose of the vaccine.

Those who have had coronavirus, despite the developed immunity, were re-infected 2.34 times more often than vaccinated people

“Fears about infertility are groundless, because vaccines do not affect the reproductive functions of the body in any way. The task of the vaccine is to form immunity against a specific disease, and it does not apply to the reproductive system, says Katerina Soyak. – Unfortunately, Ukraine does not conduct research on the effect of vaccines on different body systems. But, based on the principles of the vaccine, we can confidently assert that it affects the immune, not the reproductive system, and when monitoring side effects around the world, there were no cases of infertility that correlate with the effect of the vaccine. “

Myth 2. People were vaccinated and soon died, for example, from a stroke

As the epidemiologist notes, the vaccine can cause minor adverse reactions immediately after injection into the body, such as fever, pain at the injection site, which, in principle, is well explained, since with the help of these reactions the body forms immunity to coronavirus. Also, the patient may experience allergic reactions to the components of the vaccine up to anaphylactic shock.

I wanted to sneeze. Can allergy sufferers be vaccinated against coronavirus?

“Mortality from diseases of the cardiovascular system is one of the leading places in the world, so such cases will inevitably coincide with the introduction of the vaccine. It is important to understand that not everything can be connected, otherwise the impression may be created that death occurred from vaccination, but this is not the case, the connection of each death with vaccination must be proved using a special procedure. More often these are separate events that are not related to each other. At least so far I do not know of a single case where a causal relationship between death and vaccination has been proven, ”says Soyak.

Moreover, it happened that a local thrombosis became a reaction to the vaccination, such cases were recorded in Ukraine as well.

Myth 3. People with systemic diseases and weakened immunity should not be vaccinated

This is not true. “Today, systemic diseases are more a concern of doctors and the patients themselves than a real contraindication. Officially, there are no such contraindications, ”says Kateryna Soyak. Until recently, vaccination was not recommended for pregnant women and children, since drugs that have not passed the third phase of clinical trials, according to the principles of medical ethics, are usually not prescribed to such groups of the population. Vaccines against covid have not passed this phase, they are recommended by WHO as drugs for emergency use. However, many countries have already started vaccinating pregnant women at will and children over 14 years of age.

Physicians are also subject to the influence of fakes. The doctor shared a link to the material that allegedly in Germany, the remains of chips were found in the bodies of people who died from covid

There are absolute contraindications, which can be temporary and permanent, as well as just vaccination warnings. Absolute contraindications are conditions in which there is a well-defined likelihood of a serious adverse reaction to the injected vaccine for the recipient and the risks of being vaccinated significantly outweigh the benefits. Constant contraindications to vaccinations probably will not be lifted during life. Temporary contraindications exist immediately at the time of deciding on the vaccination and soon disappear. The main contraindication is any active infectious disease (temperature above 38 ° C on the day of vaccination and allergic reactions to the components of a particular vaccine).

Vaccination warnings are situations in which the final decision on vaccination is made by the doctor, taking into account the benefits and risks, depending on the current situation.

According to the Ukrainian vaccination protocol, people with seasonal and household allergies are recommended to be vaccinated, with polynosis and allergic rhinitis, you can also be vaccinated during an exacerbation. Breastfeeding mothers are prohibited from being vaccinated with Koronavac alone; all other vaccines do not have such a contraindication.

Chronic diseases, oncology, immunodeficiency syndromes, including HIV and the period after organ transplantation are not contraindications to vaccination.

“People with these conditions do not get any harm from vaccination, but they do not develop sufficient immunity after two doses. Therefore, they are advised to enter the booster – the third – dose, or they are not vaccinated at all. However, the risk of getting seriously ill with covid in such people is high, so it is still desirable to get immunity from vaccination, ”continues Katerina Soyak.

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises people with immunodeficiencies to take a third, additional dose of vaccine to acquire the required amount of antibodies.

Myth 4. Those who have been ill do not need to be vaccinated

Discussions about which immunity is stronger – after a previous illness or from a vaccine, last at least a year. But, as the epidemiologist points out, numerous studies show that the presence of antibodies does not guarantee that a person will not get sick again. Vaccination and the transferred illness form immunity in different ways, natural immunity is not always enough to withstand subsequent diseases. Moreover, natural immunity does not protect against new variants of the virus.

There have been cases when a local thrombosis became a reaction to vaccination. This was recorded in Ukraine including

Natural immune defense lasts on average six months. But it is individual: in some people, natural immunity is not developed at all, in someone it will last for more than six months. In any case, the immune system needs to be “renewed”, as we do, for example, in the case of the flu.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in the US state of Kentucky in June this year, the propensity for reinfection was compared in those who had already had covid and those who had been vaccinated. Those who had been ill, despite the developed immunity, were re-infected 2.34 times more often than vaccinated people. Now scientists are investigating the so-called hybrid immunity, which is formed after the transferred covid and vaccination – according to preliminary estimates, it is the strongest.

Myth 5. In the midst of a wave of morbidity, you can't get vaccinated

This is not true, you can and should be vaccinated. As the epidemiologist says, getting vaccinated before the wave of disease is important in the context of herd immunity. If most people were grafted in advance, then we would experience the epidemic wave much softer. However, this did not happen, and vaccination only works specifically for vaccinated people, and not for the whole society. If you vaccinate in the midst of the epidemic season, then you acquire protection, but it will not work globally for the region.

“At the moment, 8.3 million people have been vaccinated in Ukraine, 6.7 million received two doses – this is not enough to talk about collective protection against covid. If this figure were at the level of 80% of the population, then the wave would be much softer, ”notes Katerina Soyak.

Myth 6. “The death rate from COVID-19 vaccines exceeds the fatality rate from more than 70 vaccines combined in 30 years.”

In the Russian-language media, these words are attributed to Joseph Mercole, “a member of the American Medical Association and a popular osteopath.” In the American press, this man is known as one of the most notable covid dissidents and anti-vaccinators, who since the beginning of the epidemic has posted more than 600 texts on his Facebook pages, “debunking” the virus and vaccines against it. According to the Center for Countering Digital Hate analytical project, Mercola is one of the 12 people in the United States responsible for 65% of incorrect vaccination reports published in the States. Moreover, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) ordered Joseph Mercola not to disseminate incorrect information and not to advertise the methods of treatment that are not approved by the state. If he continues to do so, he will be prosecuted.

The RNA vaccine does not in any way combine with human DNA and cannot change its genotype.

“There are people who are opposed to vaccination in many countries. I think the statements about mortality from vaccines are related to the personal position of this doctor. Now there is no statistics that would show such a high mortality rate. These statements are incorrect, since the current mortality figures associated with vaccination show the opposite picture, ”comments Kateryna Soyak.

Myth 7: Vaccines do not protect against covid, people get sick anyway

This is partly true. The vaccine does not work instantly, in those few weeks between the two doses, a person still does not have full protection, however, you can get sick even after two doses of the vaccine. The main thing is that the covid vaccine, like the flu, protects against a severe form of the disease.

Myth 8. RNA vaccines affect human genetics, so they cannot be vaccinated

An RNA vaccine does not in any way bind to a person's DNA and cannot change its genotype. Bryn Boslett, MD, an expert in infectious diseases, explains how it works: An mRNA vaccine contains matrix ribonucleic acid, which carries instructions for cells to create spike proteins that look like those located on surface of the coronavirus. The body learns to recognize these cells and develop an immune response. After the spike proteins are created, the body breaks down the mRNA.

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