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Political Jewelry Box

Photo: Vova Zhabrikov/TASS

At this time, the country's education system was actively moving to the new federal state educational standards (FSES), in which “familiarizing students with Russian traditional spiritual values” is an important task of education programs. In 2012, they will prescribe a clear list of basic national values ​​of Russian society:

“patriotism, social solidarity, citizenship, family, health, labor and creativity, science, traditional religions of Russia, art, nature, humanity “.

In 2020, after amending the law “On Education in the Russian Federation” in order to improve the status of upbringing, this list of basic values ​​will move from the Federal State Educational Standard to the Model Education Program and take on a slightly different look: family, labor, fatherland, nature, peace, knowledge , culture, health, people.

No one will remember that at the same time the current document – the “Strategy for the development of education in the Russian Federation for the period up to 2025”, approved by the government of the Russian Federation on May 29, 2015, “rests” on a somewhat different “system of spiritual and moral values ​​that have developed in the process of cultural development of Russia, such as philanthropy, justice, honor, conscience, will, personal dignity, faith in goodness and the desire to fulfill a moral duty to oneself, one's family and one's Fatherland. ”

Further – more! On December 31, 2015, V. Putin, by his decree No. 683, will approve the National Security Strategy of the Russian Federation, which states that

“Traditional Russian spiritual and moral values ​​are being revived … Civil society is consolidating around common values ​​that form the foundation of statehood, such as freedom and independence of Russia, humanism, interethnic peace and harmony, the unity of cultures of the multinational people of the Russian Federation, respect for family and confessional traditions, patriotism” … The document classifies “the preservation and enhancement of traditional Russian spiritual and moral values” as “strategic goals of ensuring national security in the field of culture,” and in a special paragraph # 78 of one of the country's most important documents, it writes down their list: “The traditional Russian spiritual and moral values ​​include priority spiritual over material, protection of human life, human rights and freedoms, family, creative work, service to the Fatherland, moral and ethical norms, humanism, mercy, justice, mutual assistance, collectivism, the historical unity of the peoples of Russia, the continuity of the history of our Motherland. ” >

And in July of this year, a new version of the National Security Strategy of the Russian Federation was approved by a presidential decree. The set of traditional values ​​asserted in it repeats the previous list and adds to it dignity, patriotism, citizenship, responsibility for the fate of the Fatherland and mutual respect. It is important that “moral norms” have disappeared, and “moral ideals” have replaced them.

I understand that the reader's head is already spinning. I recall the once popular children's toy – a kaleidoscope, when rotating, the colored glass inside folded into a wide variety of patterns. Likewise, turning the pages of documents of the Russian bureaucracy reveals a certain political game, but not with pieces of glass, but with the deep foundations of the human spirit – values. An authoritarian system, accustomed to administratively and manually resolving any issues, in this case tries to assign the main values ​​from above, neglecting the fact that the sphere of the spiritual attributes of society lives according to other laws.

Just as carbon, falling to a great depth, crystallizes into diamonds under great pressure, and then, under the influence of certain processes, is carried to the surface and becomes available for an actively seeking person, the regulators of human actions in the historical layers of social experience undergo their crystallization into higher-level regulators – values. It is they who become the inner guiding star for a person in any situation of choice, and especially in moments of difficult moral dilemmas, when making important decisions, and even more so in building life plans. The vicissitudes of life of a person arrange values ​​in their hierarchy, which leads one to feats, and another to faint-hearted actions.

A lesson in patriotic education at school. Photo: Roman Khramovnik/TASS

The power, of course, actively influences with all its tools: propaganda, censorship, the authority of media people loyal to it, on the value sphere of a person. And with the help of an administrative resource, someone sometimes literally breaks this individual hierarchy, forcing a person to do the things he wants, using his constrained or hopeless situation. But it is impossible to implant a value structure into the public consciousness by decrees of the highest state official. Not by endless declarations in official speeches they are rooted in the minds of people, but to a large extent by the sequence of words and deeds of those who are engaged in their bureaucratic consolidation.

You can put life in the first place in the list of values, but if it is in health care the strongest optimization blow is struck, residents of rural areas sometimes have to travel to see a doctor by train, the number of maternity hospitals in the country is comparable to the post-war period, and the whole country collects money for the treatment of sick children, then few people will believe that life is really a value.

Sign a decree on attributing human rights and freedoms to traditional Russian spiritual and moral values ​​with the same hand as the “Dima Yakovlev law” or the law on “foreign agents”, turn a blind eye, being the guarantor of rights and freedoms, to how the recognized ” foreign agents “movement” For Human Rights “,” International Memorial “, other human rights organizations, and at the same time hope that someone will believe in the value of human rights and freedoms in the country ?!

For two decades in power, nothing has been done to assess the crimes of Stalinism in the state and legal framework. To deprive Yuri Dmitriev of freedom for 13 years, who has devoted his life to exposing these crimes and preserving the memory of the victims of repression, and talking about loyalty to traditions ?! This is already a completely unambiguous indication of which traditions are given priority.

It is possible to include dignity in the officially approved list of values, but if, in a matter of weeks after that, the scale of torture and mockery of human dignity in the penal system opens up and society does not see resignations, criminal cases initiated, then nothing will follow in mentality of people.

No matter how much you write down in all government documents about the importance of patriotism, they will not believe in the sincerity of these words if it is known that 24 thousand objects of cultural heritage of federal significance, according to the Accounting Chamber of the Russian Federation, are in unsatisfactory condition, including about 5 thousand in emergency, and 879 are already in ruins. The fate of 75,112 cultural heritage sites of regional and local significance is even more unenviable due to the state of the respective budgets.

I have already written that it is difficult to get rid of musty patriotism, which the president called for if a child walks by every day the ruins of an old manor, in the library he is offered a filing of the magazine “Pioneer” from the adolescence of his grandmother, to the nearest club you have to go 50 km off-road, and you can watch the performance of the Youth Theater on the Internet only by climbing a tree at the highest point of the village.

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