GENERICO.ruMedicineThe most common causes of pain in the liver are named

The most common causes of pain in the liver are named

An enlarged liver usually results in a dull aching pain in the right upper quadrant.

< p> If we live, drink and eat without thinking about tomorrow, our liver most often suffers. It is she who takes the brunt of the blow. When pain appears in the right hypochondrium, we usually say that we have pain in the liver. How the liver hurts and why does it hurt? In the body, it performs more than 500 physiological functions. Among them, the main ones are: the conversion of food from the small intestine into substances that contribute to the absorption of fats and the fight against diseases; providing the body with energy; filtration and purification of blood.

10 possible causes of pain in the liver area

  • Viral hepatitis
  • Alcoholic & nbsp; hepatitis
  • Fatty liver hepatosis (fatty liver)
  • Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome
  • Liver abscess (cyst )
  • Budd-Chiari Syndrome
  • Thrombosis & nbsp; portal vein
  • Physical damage to the liver
  • Cancer & nbsp; liver
  • Gallstones

Despite its size (this is the largest internal organ of a person), the liver itself (its tissue) does not have nerve endings, therefore, even with severe diseases, a person does not feel pain. & nbsp; But as a result of an enlarged liver, a dull aching & nbsp ; pain & nbsp; in the right hypochondrium. This is due to the stretching of the thin capsule covering the liver, which, however, already has nerve receptors. Pain can also appear in the stomach and even radiate to the back or shoulders.

Symptoms of inflammatory processes in the liver can be pain that occurs in the right hypochondrium with lesions of the gallbladder, duodenum, intestines. Diseases of these organs can accompany chronic hepatitis and liver cirrhosis.

Possible & nbsp; causes & nbsp; pain in the liver area: 1. Viral hepatitis

Viral hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. & Nbsp; The most common hepatitis A, B and C. They are caused by viruses.

The main symptoms are & nbsp; pain in the right hypochondrium, dark urine, yellow skin and whites of the eyes (so-called jaundice), fatigue, nausea, vomiting.

2. Alcoholic hepatitis

The cause of alcoholic hepatitis is regular alcohol abuse, which also causes inflammation of the liver.

How does the liver hurt in this case? & Nbsp; Pain appears in the abdomen, a person loses weight, loses appetite, he is tormented by nausea, low-grade fever, fatigue and weakness appear.

3. Fatty liver hepatosis (fatty liver)

Significant excess weight, diabetes, a diet rich in foods that increase cholesterol levels contribute to fatty liver. & Nbsp; Over time, this leads to dysfunction.

How the liver hurts with fat hepatosis? & nbsp; Usually, fatty liver is asymptomatic. But at the same time you feel tired, constant dull pain in the right hypochondrium.

4. Fitz-Hugh-Curtis Syndrome

Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome is a rare disease in women characterized by sudden severe pain in the right upper quadrant, which can radiate to the arm and shoulder. & Nbsp; It is essentially a bacterial infection. It causes inflammation of the tissues around the liver, the Glisson capsule, and can affect the stomach lining. Doctors sometimes call it perihepatitis.

The main & nbsp; symptoms: & nbsp; high fever, chills, headache, malaise.

5. Liver abscess (cyst)

As a result of the penetration of a bacterial, fungal or parasitic infection into the liver, an abscess or abscess may form in the liver . At the same time, there is an enlarged liver, high temperature, chills. The cyst may also be filled with fluid, but its nature is non-infectious. If the cyst is large, the person feels discomfort, a feeling of a full abdomen appears. Sometimes the cyst bleeds. & Nbsp; This causes sudden severe pain in the upper abdomen, the so-called pain in the liver, radiating to the shoulder.

6. Budd-Chiari Syndrome

Budd-Chiari Syndrome, or primary hepatic vein thrombosis, is a rare disease resulting from the narrowing of the veins by blood clots through which blood leaves the liver. How does the liver hurt in this case? Pain in the right hypochondrium is characteristic.

7. Portal vein thrombosis

Through the portal vein, blood enters the liver from the intestines. & Nbsp; But if a blood clot blocks a vein, there is sudden pain in the right hypochondrium, as we often say, pain in the liver. The abdomen is enlarged and the temperature rises.

8. Physical damage to the liver

Accidents, falls, or injury can damage the liver. & nbsp; Hepatic bleeding causes pain in the area of ​​the liver that can radiate to the shoulder. With a large loss of blood, shock occurs and vital functions of the body are disrupted. & nbsp;

9. Liver cancer

Pain in the liver appears only in advanced stages of cancer. & nbsp; As a rule, it occurs in the upper abdomen and can radiate to the shoulder. A swelling is felt on the right side of the abdomen.

Other symptoms: & nbsp; weight loss, itching, jaundice, bloating, weakness and malaise.

10. Gallstones

The gallbladder is located directly below the liver. In most cases, stones are formed as a result of an increase in the concentration of salts in bile and stagnation of bile. First, clots of cholesterol, bilirubin and calcium salts appear. Over time, they harden and even grow in size. The resulting stones can interfere with the outflow of bile from the gallbladder, as a result of which the bladder expands and pain appears. People often mistake it for liver pain.

When a doctor's help is needed

If pain in the liver area gets worse, does not stop for a long time, interferes with your normal activities, you should see a doctor.

< strong> Signs of urgent medical attention:

  • Jaundice
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Nausea and vomiting

At the first sign of liver problems, you should contact a specialized specialist – a gastroenterologist or hepatologist. The liver has an amazing ability to recover, especially in the early stages of the disease. Therefore, do not waste time and self-medicate once again.


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