GENERICO.ruPoliticsHow Zelensky and his predecessors kept promises

How Zelensky and his predecessors kept promises

The guarantor will need five to seven years to fully implement the planned program.

< p> The Committee of Voters of Ukraine considered that this year Volodymyr Zelenskyy fulfilled only three election promises, and in half of the cadence – nine out of thirty. KIU is confident that at this rate, the guarantor will need five to seven years to fully implement the planned program, reports Chronicle.info with reference to Focus.

Difficult to implement. 9 promises of Vladimir Zelensky

At the end of last year, the American publication Bloomberg compared Volodymyr Zelenskiy with the third president of Ukraine, Viktor Yushchenko. They both started with big promises, having received a huge credit of voters' confidence, but in the process they lost their passion, switching to routine questions. Yushchenko became interested in & # 171; game of thrones & # 187; with the then Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko and the restoration of national traditions instead of fulfilling promises, Vladimir Zelensky, due to his political inexperience, plunged into the & # 171; warm bath & # 187; provided by his close circle, faced with difficulties in performing key tasks.

Over the course of 2.5 years in office, according to various estimates, President Zelensky made more than 700 promises – from high-profile pre-election promises, like the end of the era of poverty and peace in Donbass, the construction of roads throughout the country and the victory over corruption, & # 171; we will not have nepotism and & # 171; spring will come – we will plant & # 187; to less global ones – launching a satellite into space by the end of this year, providing the country with a sufficient amount of coal for the heating season 2021–2022 and UAH 1,000 for everyone vaccinated against coronavirus from December 19, 2021.

& # 171; Falling into the pyramid of power, very often presidents, even with vast experience, are forced to be managers of the current situation & # 187; political strategist Oleg Posternak

According to the analytical portal & # 171; Word and deed & # 187;, today Volodymyr Zelenskyy fulfilled 240 promises (34%) out of 711, 341 promises are in the process of fulfilling, 130 promises are not fulfilled by the guarantor.

The head of the Committee of Voters of Ukraine (KIU) Oleksiy Koshel notes that Zelensky's election campaign was notable for its emotionality and was based on sharp criticism of its predecessors. Therefore, what is important for his voters is not the percentage of completed tasks that the president sets for himself throughout his tenure, but the implementation of the key theses of his program. They, according to Koshel, will play a major role when voters evaluate the president's work.

& # 171; Key promises are difficult to keep. For example, the end of an era of poverty is a realistic promise if accompanied by effective anti-corruption policies, ”says Koshel. The promise to end the war is too emotional and largely depends not on Zelensky himself, but on the position of Russian President Vladimir Putin. And the promise & # 171; spring will come – we will plant & # 187; it is virtually impossible to implement, as the guarantor himself admitted in the first months of the cadence.

& # 171; When I came, I thought that on the second day we would jail everyone, all corrupt officials … At the same time, the first & # 171; handcuffs & # 187; that were put on me – everyone around said: & # 171; Ay-yay-yay! The president has no right to influence law enforcement agencies & # 187 ;, Zelensky complained to reporters in October 2019. Until now, despite the launch of a series of pre-trial investigations and the opening of criminal cases against the defendants with high-profile names, none of them is behind bars.

According to KIU experts, during half of his term in office, the president fulfilled nine points from the election program, including the opening of the agricultural land market, the removal of parliamentary immunity, the law on impeachment, the launch of & # 171; Дії & # 187;, the growth in the pace of road construction and open lists in elections to the Verkhovna Rada. Zelensky made three more election promises this year: in January, the Verkhovna Rada voted a law on an all-Ukrainian referendum and a law on the creation of the Bureau of Economic Security, which will eventually transfer the economic functions of the SBU, and in June – a law on & # 171; zero declaration & # 187; for business.

The promised reforms are being partially implemented: decentralization, reform of the Security Service of Ukraine. Judicial reform remains the biggest challenge.

At the same time, certain points of the pre-election program, according to the KIA expert, should not be fulfilled, since they contradict the current legislation and can lead to negative consequences. It's about the promise to implement electronic voting, which the president recently recalled when announcing a bill on multiple citizenship. Kochel notes that there is no effective mechanism for this initiative to prevent possible election fraud.

The image requires scope. What Yushchenko, Kuchma, Yanukovych and Poroshenko promised the Ukrainians

All Ukrainian politicians traditionally promise unrealistic programs, experts say. In fact, the electoral campaign is being prepared in the following way: political strategists open the results of opinion polls, select the most sensitive problems and give answers to them in the programs. Usually we are talking about raising living standards, health care, pensions and salaries. Also, the last two presidential campaigns are distinguished by narratives about fighting corruption and ending the war.

& # 171; Campaign promises are propaganda. They vote not for a person, but for an image, and an image requires scope. When you tell people & # 171; stretch your legs on clothes & # 187; they do not like it. People want to believe in miracles and are happy to be deceived & # 187; – says & nbsp; to Focus & nbsp; Andrey Zolotarev, a political strategist. This does not mean that all politicians are blatantly lying, gaining the credibility of voters in order to get the desired mandate. Most do believe in what they promise, but when they get a job, they face the fact that the force of circumstances turns out to be stronger than the logic of intentions.

& # 171; Getting into the pyramid of power, very often presidents, even with vast experience, are forced to to be managers of the current situation & # 187;, – comments Oleg Posternak, a political strategist, recalling the promises of the predecessors of Vladimir Zelensky, who were not destined to come true.

So, Petro Poroshenko on the night after the presidential elections in 2014 promised that “ATO will last hours”, not months, and later that year he said that he would quickly and effectively improve relations with Russia in three months. Subsequently, the fifth president asked for forgiveness for having “raised high expectations” by failing to deliver on his promises.

The fugitive President Viktor Yanukovych immediately after the inauguration convinced the Ukrainians that he would fulfill all his promises: first of all, he would pay back salary and pension arrears. But after a year of presidency, as Andrei Zolotarev recalls, Yanukovych was not up to the fulfillment of promises, as the appetites of his oligarchic & # 171; family & # 187; were played out.

& # 171; Leonid Kuchma was the most systemic president , but also went to Bankovaya with a promise that Russian will be the second official language, and Russia is our friend, but then very quickly forgot about it. Institutionally, he still strengthened the state, the economy, albeit on an oligarchic basis, but raised & # 187; – says Zolotarev.

Voters had high hopes for Viktor Yushchenko. The program & # 171; 10 steps towards people & # 187; he promised to create 5 million jobs, make pensions above the subsistence level, reduce taxes, thereby bringing the economy out of the shadows. None of the above could be implemented, and instead of large-scale reforms, Yushchenko got carried away with the restoration of national traditions, which his voters did not fully understand, expecting an increase in salaries and pensions.

According to political strategist Oleg Posternak, President Zelensky, unlike his predecessors, is doing well. His team in parliament managed to abolish parliamentary immunity, close the issue of “push button”, introducing criminal liability and a system of fines. He continues to implement digitalization of services and build roads as part of the & # 171; Big Construction & # 187; program. Some of the election promises have lost their importance over the past two years due to a new reality – the coronavirus pandemic, which was impossible to predict in 2019.

So far, the president's rating is gradually decreasing, then stabilizing for a short time. According to the sociological group & # 171; Rating & # 187;, as of December 10, 23% of voters were ready to support Zelensky, which is 10% more than Petro Poroshenko, who ranks second in the poll. According to KIIS, a year ago, during the same period, 27% of citizens were ready to vote for Zelensky.

But, as experts say, in the history of our country, it rarely happens when voters are satisfied with politicians.

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