GENERICO.ruMedicine50% increase the risk of death regular meals in public catering

50% increase the risk of death regular meals in public catering

We are talking about cancer and cardiovascular diseases. This was shown by a study published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

The quality of food in restaurants, cafes and other catering establishments can vary greatly. However, eating out or ordering ready-made meals to take home is usually associated with a deterioration in the quality of the diet. This deterioration, in turn, is associated with an increase in the calorie content of meals, a decrease in the consumption of fruits and vegetables. Restaurant food is often high in salt, sugar, and saturated fat.

“There is scientific evidence that shows that frequent eating out is associated with an increased risk of obesity, diabetes and other chronic diseases. But little is known about the association of such diets with risk of death,” said Wei Bao of the University of Iowa, lead author of the new study.

In the study, researchers analyzed data that was collected in a major nutrition survey conducted in the United States from 1999 to 2014. In total, more than 35,000 people over the age of 20 were interviewed. Each of them told how often they eat non-home-cooked food: in restaurants and cafes, takeaway and on order.

The authors of the study compared the information about the nutrition of the survey participants with the American official data on mortality. During the period from 1999 to 2015, almost 2,800 thousand participants in the study died, more than 500 from diseases of the cardiovascular system, 640 from cancer.

The risk of death for those who ate restaurant food frequently was almost 50% higher than for those who ate it infrequently. They were 18% more likely to die from heart and vascular disease, and 67% more likely to die from cancer. In the calculations, the authors of the study took into account other factors that could affect the risk of death of the participants: gender, age, race, social status, lifestyle, body weight.

“This is one of the first studies to quantify the association between eating out and mortality. Our data is consistent with previous studies that have shown that frequent eating of restaurant food is bad for health,” said Dr. Bao.

Bao hopes that future dietary recommendations will include advice to reduce the consumption of non-home-cooked food as much as possible.

“I encourage my patients to prepare healthy meals at home. However, a nutritionist can also help people figure out which foods on restaurant menus can be healthy,” said dietitian Linda G. Snetselaar of the University of Iowa, co-author of the study.


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