GENERICO.ruMedicineA new approach to recovery after a stroke has been proposed in Russia

A new approach to recovery after a stroke has been proposed in Russia

MOSCOW, May 28. Scientists from the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University, as part of a research team, have proposed an individual approach to the recovery of patients after ischemic stroke. According to the authors, it is based on an assessment of the psychoemotional state of patients and allows predicting the duration and effectiveness of rehabilitation. The results are presented in The European Physical Journal Special Topics.
As university experts explained, ischemic stroke occurs due to a cessation of blood flow to one or another part of the brain. According to statistics, the disease is the most common type of stroke, the number of deaths from which in 2019 reached 3.29 million people worldwide, accounting for 50.3% of deaths from stroke and 17.7% of all deaths associated with cardiovascular diseases . Patients who have suffered a stroke in most cases become disabled and are forced to undergo long-term rehabilitation.

One of the most important aspects of recovery, according to researchers at the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (IKBFU), is a number of conditions associated with the patient’s emotions and behavior, since ischemic stroke is accompanied by depression, anxiety, apathy and excessive aggression, which are directly related to the fact itself stroke, and with the socio-psychological situation after it.
“”To select an individual approach, it is necessary to collect medical indicators to describe the psycho-emotional state, and then find their relationship with the functional state and results of treatment of patients. The knowledge gained will help predict which potential problems should be addressed when rehabilitating new patients,” explained co-author of the study, junior researcher at the Baltic Center for Neurotechnologies and Artificial Intelligence of the IKBFU Matvey Khoimov.

He emphasized that the development of such an algorithm is one of the key points of personalized medicine.

IKBFU scientists took part in the study. Kant, First St. Petersburg State Medical University named after. Academician I.P. Pavlov and the National Medical Research Center for Psychiatry and Neurology named after. V.M. Bekhterev.

The authors noted that the principles under consideration had already been implemented previously, but their work used a larger number of analyzed parameters, and also used modern mathematical models for a more accurate assessment of the results. In the future, the team plans to continue the study by expanding the sample of patients, the timing of the examination and the groups of patients.

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